Twelve migrants were found dead and many more are missing after smugglers threw them from a boat off the coast of Djibouti, East Africa.
Thirty-four survived and are being treated for minor injuries as the crisis continues according to the UN IOM.
Conflict in countries including Syria, Somalia, Sudan as well as breaches of human rights in Djibouti has forced people to flee inhospitable living conditions.
The climate crisis has exacerbated poor living situations as difficult circumstances prolong dire ecological breakdown that include summer droughts and food insecurity.
In nearby Yemen, 14,500 African migrants and refugees have been left stranded due to conflict with no access to water, food and medical treatment due to the COVID-19 outbreak forcing many to retreat to their home country.
Many refugees and migrants have been forced to turn to smugglers as a means of survival, turning back when the conditions found were worse.